EGYPT: New Republic

"This is the capital of the Republic calling," said an announcer over the Egyptian State Radio early one morning last week. It was the first hint of the big news: Egypt, after 5,000 years of rule by Pharaohs, proconsuls and kings, had been declared a republic.

A little later, slender Major General Mohammed Naguib, front man in the military coup which toppled playboy King Farouk from his throne last July, went on the air as the Republic of Egypt's first Premier and President. ". . . We proclaim today," said he, "in the name of the people, abolition...

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