GOVERNMENT: Upsetting the Applecart

At 79, Ira C. Cardiff is boss of the biggest dried apple plant in Washington's Yakima Valley. A onetime biology professor, he is also a philosopher who corresponded for years with Santayana, and the author of half a dozen books ranging from A Million Years of Human Progress to What Great Men Think of Religion (he is an atheist). But among businessmen of Yakima, Cardiff is best known for his relentless war with inspectors of the federal Food & Drug Administration. In a series of battles, boasts Cardiff, "I've licked 'em every time."

Last week, in winning his greatest battle, Apple...

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