Art: After Two Wars

Otto Dix is a German painter. He likes to growl, "I'm not so tender." And in pre-Hitler Germany he showed what he meant: cynical portraits of German prostitutes and socialites, gruesome oils and etchings of World War I. The Nazis didn't like the Dix kind of thing at all; they considered his powerful paintings deliberately calculated to spread despondency and alarm. They labeled him an "artistic degenerate," kicked him out of his art professorship at the University of Dresden, and destroyed all the Dix pictures they could lay hands on. Dix retreated to a German village on the shores of Lake...

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