Argentina. A notable record of democratic advance was broken by the 1943 army revolution that brought Perón to power. Re-elected in 1951, Dictator Perón, with his wife, runs Latin America's only big-time totalitarian regime.

Bolivia. In this backward, one-crop (tin) republic, 3,200,000 inhabitants (of whom only 130,000 vote) endured their 179th revolution last week (see opposite page).

Brazil. The world's largest republic, Portuguese-speaking Brazil is qualitatively different from its neighbors. Its long history of peaceful evolution toward democracy was broken only by Getulio Vargas' 1930-45 dictatorship. In 1950, Vargas made a startling comeback at the polls, has since governed constitutionally.

Chile. This temperate-zone republic,...

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