ITALY: 777 Years

Late in World War II, while Allied armies crunched slowly up the peninsula, Italian partisans fought Germans in the north. As they usually do in desperate straits, the Communists made common cause with nonCommunists. Later—as they usually do when victory seems near—they turned on their erstwhile friends and tried to liquidate them.

In the northwest, Red machinations of this sort apparently brought about the death of Major William Holohan, American OSS officer (TIME, Aug. 27). In the northeast, around Udine in the province of Friuli, the Communist Garibaldi brigade and the non-Communist...

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