STEEL: Out of the Crucible

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Pittsburgh, Youngstown, Gary—they make their steel with men.

In the blood of men and the ink of chimneys

The smoke nights write their oaths:

Smoke into steel and blood into steel;

Homestead, Braddock, Birmingham, they make their steel with men.

—Carl Sandburg

Among the men who made steel in Pittsburgh, the strongest of all was "Hunkie" Joe Magarac. He was born in an ore mine and grew 7 ft. tall. He could gulp a gallon of prunejack in a single swig, hoist an 850-lb. steel dolly like a paperweight and twist it like a pretzel....

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