Juan Perón, who was swept into power by the votes of Argentina's working-class descamisados, has endlessly proclaimed his devotion to organized labor. Less frequently, but no less earnestly, he has pledged himself to uphold the freedom of the press. Last week Juan Perón demonstrated just how much such promises are worth. For the first time in Argentine history, he used military law to crush a disobedient union. And he allowed two government-backed unions to shut down the country's biggest and most respected newspaper, Buenos Aires' independent, conservative daily, La Prensa.

"Wartime" Law. The rebellious union was composed of railroad workers...

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