Medicine: Father & Son

Eleven-year-old Robert Bruce Lawrence of Oakland, Calif, had recovered from a skull fracture (the result of being knocked off his bike by a motorist). But soon he fell ill again. He ran a slight fever, and became noticeably bloated. His illness was diagnosed as kidney disease. For two months Bobby was in & out of Permanente Hospital.

When conventional treatment failed to clear up his condition, the doctors decided that Bobby should have a cross transfusion—a daring technique (TIME, June 13) of interchanging his blood with that of a healthy donor. The donor's kidneys were supposed to do some of the...