ITALY: Pressed for Time

Staring at a crucifix on the courtroom wall, the most hated man in Italy sat apparently unmoved last week while Roman spectators screamed and cursed at him.

Herbert Kappler had heard Italians scream before—at the Ardeatine Caves, for instance, where in 1944 he, as 55 chief in Rome, had directed the massacre of 335 Italian hostages as reprisal for the bombing of 32 Nazi police in a Roman street.

The memory of the Ardeatine slaughter burns in Italian minds more vividly than any other calamity of the. war. Day after day black-clad men & women, carrying huge bundles of flowers, trudge up...

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