The Congressman could scarcely believe his ears. "You would keep a Communist in school and let the Government pay?" demanded Ohio's Charles H. Elston. Said AEC Chairman David Lilienthal flatly: "I would."

Lilienthal was trying to explain to the Joint Atomic Energy Committee why AEC had granted a $1,600 fellowship to Hans Freistadt, a University of North Carolina student and an avowed Communist (TIME, May 23). He had an uneasy time of it. And when the Joint Committee was through with him, a Senate subcommittee considering the AEC appropriation seized hapless Chairman...

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