The Palestine war nearly finished U.N. This week it got a new lease on life when the Arab states agreed to a U.N.-imposed truce. The Jews had already agreed. Fighting dwindled toward a stop. It was U.N.'s first major achievement since it got the Red Army out of Persia in April 1946.

A week before, there had been real danger that the U.S. would start arming Israel while Britain continued to arm theArabs. U.S. policy finally crystallized in a U.N. Security Council resolution calling for sanctions (i.e., punishment) against either side that refused or broke the truce. Britain...

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