THE HEMISPHERE: Conference in Rio

Every attack . . . against the territory . . . sovereignty or political independence of an American State shall . . . be considered as an act of aggression against the other States which sign this declaration.

This ringing declaration, formulated two years ago in Mexico City and agreed to by all 21 of the American republics, is the heart of the Act of Chapultepec. It has brought a new concept to hemispheric policy.

Next week, in the salmon-pink Boite of Quitandinha, a hotel and onetime gambling casino in the cool mountains north...

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