Juan Perón would not control Uruguay. That was the decision of one million Uruguayans in this week's national elections (TIME, Nov. 25). Tomás Berreta, 70-year-old vineyardist, had easily defeated Luis Alberto de Herrera, crusty pro-Perón nationalist and archenemy of continental solidarity with the U.S. It was more than a squeak-through: in the count Berreta took an early lead, led Herrera in a ratio of three to two.

New President Berreta, who would take office on March 1, had had a first taste of political brimstone back in 1903-04. As a patrol leader, he skirmished on the side of famed Liberal...

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