GOVERNMENT: Low-Priced Monopoly

The Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Co. of America, largest U.S. retail food chain, is a monopoly. So a Federal judge in Danville, Ill. decided last week: after 89 days in court listening to 200 witnesses, 30,000 pages of testimony, and inspecting 5.000 documentary exhibits. In his 117-page decision, Judge Walter C. Lindley said: A. & P. was guilty of conspiring "to monopolize a substantial part" of the country's food business. Also guilty: twelve A. & P. subsidiaries and 16 officers, including President John A. Hartford and his brother, Board Chairman George Hartford.

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