After six weeks in Japan, TIME'S Chief Pacific Correspondent Manfred Gott fried added up his impressions in a succinct primer of questions & answers:

Q. Are the Japanese repentant? A. No. And neither are they unrepentant. They felt oppressed by their own military clique and are pleased because we have freed them from that oppression.

Q. Do they know they are beaten? A. Unlike the Germans after World War I, the Japs are aware that they were beaten on land, sea, and air. Nor do they blame it all on the atomic bomb. They know the war was a total loss, although the...