For the first time since The Bomb burst, a great government cracked down on its talkative, uneasy atomic scientists. The government was Britain's; the crack-downers were Ernest Bevin and his temporary collaborator, Winston Churchill.

Cried Churchill, angered by reports that some scientists threatened to publish everything they knew about the atom: "... I hope the law will be used against these men [scientists] with utmost vigor. . . . On many occasions in the past we have seen attempts to rule the world by experts of one kind or another. There have been theocratic governments. It is now suggested that...

Want the full story?

Subscribe Now


Learn more about the benefits of being a TIME subscriber

If you are already a subscriber sign up — registration is free!