Face to Face

Even more than the hit-&-run disaster at Pearl Harbor, even more than the defeat in the Philippines, the prolonged Battle of the Solomons had brought the U.S. people face to face with a great and bitter truth of war. To most nations in all wars have come days filled with a succession of campaigns that were costly and not going well. Now, more than at any time since 1863, America knew such days.

The news pictures brought a quick and intimate sense of struggle: the grim face of Vice Admiral William F. Halsey, the new commander, surrounded by his staff (see...

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