THE CONGRESS: Death of a Woodcutter

One of the most enormous acts of isolationism in U.S. history was committed in June 1930: passage of the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act. Its purpose was to give U.S. producers a noncompetitive monopoly of the U.S. market, regardless of the consequences abroad. It was the brain-child of Utah's Senator Reed Smoot, a Mormon Apostle, and of Oregon's Willis Chatman Hawley, a slow-witted, powerful man, once a champion woodcutter in Oregon, who had risen from the post of principal of Umpqua Academy at Wilbur, Ore. to the chairmanship of the House Ways & Means...

Want the full story?

Subscribe Now

Subscribe
Subscribe

Get TIME the way you want it

  • One Week Digital Pass — $4.99
  • Monthly Pay-As-You-Go DIGITAL ACCESS$2.99
  • One Year ALL ACCESSJust $30!   Best Deal!
    Print Magazine + Digital Edition + Subscriber-only Content on TIME.com

Learn more about the benefits of being a TIME subscriber

If you are already a subscriber sign up — registration is free!