Education: Civilization's Retreat

Of pre-war China's 457,000,000 people, only 32,000 were college students. But their importance was out of all proportion to their numbers. Like the graduates of Britain's Oxford and Cambridge, China's university men monopolized Government offices, ruled China's millions. Active, patriotic, brave, they were the hope of the New China.

First victims of Japan's invasion in the summer of 1937 were China's universities. Concentrated along the coast, in Peking, Tientsin, Shanghai, Nanking, Hong Kong, Canton, they were at once Japan's most dangerous foes and easiest targets. Japanese bombs completely destroyed Nankai University in Tientsin;...

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