Franklin Roosevelt was considerably jolted this week when the nine black-robed Justices of the Supreme Court, with unexpected unanimity, declared the Blue Eagle as dead as a slaughtered chicken (see p. 13). But this great blow to the New Deal's most enthusiastic experiment was not as personal as the blow which the nine Justices, with equal unanimity, dealt at the authority which he assumed in the days of his White House honeymoon.

In 1925, Calvin Coolidge appointed to the Federal Trade Commission a goat-bearded onetime Congressman from Seattle named William E. Humphrey. He served his six-year term, was reappointed by...

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