From Cobh, Ireland, Mary Callaghan, 22, sailed up New York Harbor aboard the S. S. Baltic. Ahead was the Statue of Liberty—as grand a sight as Mary ever saw. She felt like cheering. She waved her arms. Down into the sludgy water fell her purse with $60, and her precious passport to the U. S.

To Ellis Island she was taken to await identification. In Pittsburgh, Secretary of Labor James John Davis read a newsstory of Mary's predicament. Once an immigrant himself (at the age of eight), he commanded that Mary Callaghan's cheers...

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