Those Italians who went to the polls last week−and millions did not−had a choice of writing yes or no on ballots imprinted with the names of 400 men whom Signer Benito Mussolini favored as candidates for the Chamber of Deputies. No other candidates were permitted to exist. Had a majority of the electorate voted no, another election would have been held. But naturally the majority of ballots were yes. ballots.

"We despise votes cast with mental reservations!" cried Il Duce in Rome on the day before election. "Nobody should delude himself that he will be able to place an...

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