PORTUGAL: Another Step Toward Democracy

Hundreds of horn-honking buses and automobiles streaked through the cobbled hills of Lisbon. From their windows fluttered red flags emblazoned with the Socialist symbol—the clenched fist. Their destination was the First of May Stadium, where some 100,000 supporters turned out last week to hear Socialist Leader Mário Soares and watch folk dancers, prancing majorettes and a blaring drum-and-bugle corps.

As Portugal prepared for its first parliamentary election in half a century, the Socialist show of strength was only one of 1,000 political rallies held in a single day—no mean feat considering the country's 8.5 million population. That the campaign was under...