Education: A Judge with Guts

It may take a long time, but once Federal Court Judge W. (for Wendell) Arthur Garrity Jr. reaches a conclusion, he sticks to it. He deliberated for more than two years before deciding that conditions at Boston's dilapidated Charles Street jail violated inmates' rights—and then only after he spent a night in a cell. He took 15 months to consider evidence in a suit brought against the School Committee before ruling, in June 1974, that black children in Boston have been systematically deprived of their constitutional right to an equal education. Ever since, in a series of increasingly tough orders...

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