Education: Affirmative Action: The Negative Side

Can you legislate equality? One major attempt to do so began with the equal-opportunity hiring practices that business and labor were required to observe by the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

The Johnson Administration later extended these regulations to educational institutions. Since then, some 2,000 colleges and universities have been struggling both to come up with "affirmative action" employment programs* acceptable to Washington bureaucrats and to defend themselves against literally hundreds of discrimination suits, many of them brought by women's rights organizations. Along the way, the 20 leading campuses have temporarily lost more than $28 million in federal research funds—withheld as a...

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