The World: The Rising Sun

The Japanese once ranked near the top of Peking's list of despised "imperialists." But things have changed dramatically since pragmatic Kakuei Tanaka succeeded reserved and cautious Eisaku Sato as Japan's prime minister last month. Right after Tanaka's election, a Chinese ballet troupe arrived in Tokyo, accompanied by a ranking expert on Sino-Japanese relations. Now, Chinese premier Chou En-lai has told the chairman of Japan's opposition Socialist Party, who was visiting in Peking, that he would like Tanaka to come for talks "as soon as possible."

Tanaka has not yet decided when he will...