Business: The Biggest Bankruptcy Ever

THE nation's largest railroad succumbed last week to a lethal combination of politics, tight money, mismanagement and fumbled Government rescue efforts. A federal court ordered the tottering Penn Central Transportation Co. into a bankruptcy reorganization. The order prevents creditors from collecting a mountainous debt, while permitting trains to run as usual. Its impact was felt far beyond the railroad. The Penn Central's financial collapse, largest in U.S. corporate history, spread anxiety among businessmen and Government officials about the fortunes of several other large corporations—to say nothing of other railroads.

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