Pilots called it S.O.S.—for suspension of service—and their 24-hour strike to dramatize demands for more forceful measures against hijackings brought air travel to a temporary halt in more than 30 countries last week. In Europe, the strike was 75% effective. Swissair pilots, legally barred from taking part, were given permission by a cooperative airline management to join the protest. Rome's Leonardo da Vinci Airport, ordinarily uncontrolled bedlam, looked almost like a normal air terminal with 91 of 131 scheduled flights canceled.

Still, the walkout was not a total success. Japan, Australia and most Communist countries did not participate. Arab nations...

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