MIDDLE EAST: Was the War Necessary?

Israel has always insisted that it went to war in 1967 over the fundamental issue of survival. To bolster that argument, Premier Golda Meir last week declassified for the first time the brief five-paragraph resolution of that year that approved pre-emptive strikes against neighboring Arab states. Outside the Knesset, Israel's parliament, an angry crowd of young Jews and Arabs retaliated with signs declaiming DOWN WITH THE OCCUPATION and A NATION CANNOT BE FREE THAT OPPRESSES OTHERS. Their argument, and that of some other critics lately, is that Israel was merely being expansionist.

The 1967 resolution found the...

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