Labor: The Black Eagle Wins

Cesar Chavez had spent the evening of July 25 speaking to a group of striking typographers in San Rafael, Calif. He came home weary to Delano at midnight only to find a message from John Giumarra Jr. The largest producer of table grapes in the U.S., the Giumarra family's company was also one of the bitterest foes of Chavez's United Farm Workers Organizing Committee. After five years of Chavez's la huelga—the strike —against table-grape growers, and a few days of inconclusive confrontation the week before, Giumarra wanted to talk seriously. "No attorneys,...

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