Defense: Another Step for Efficiency

The closing of 95 military installations last month was only one step in Defense Secretary Robert McNamara's plan to streamline and modernize the nation's armed forces. Last week the efficiency-minded Secretary took another giant step: he put the ax to one of the Army's most sacred cows, one that is especially beloved by politicians who like to sport stars and eagles on short summer-training tours.

McNamara ordered disbanding of the Army's Organized Reserve, a collection of 19 divisions and 4,000 smaller units with 300,000 officers and men. Roughly half of the Reserve force will be assimilated into the National Guard,...

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