Peru: The Lost City

Something hidden. Go and find it. go and look behind the ranges — some thing lost behind the ranges. Lost and waiting for you. Go!

—Rudyard Kipling, The Explorer

For archaeologists in Peru, that hidden something has always been the lost city of Vilcabamba, the last great capital of the Incas. As described in the 16th century chronicles, Vilcabamba was believed located somewhere in the southern Peruvian Andes. There, for nearly four decades, some 4,000 Indians lived, waged sporadic war on the Spaniards, and built great palaces and temples. Then in 1572, after the Spanish killed the last Inca ruler,...

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