The Congress: A Squeeze on Both Their Houses

"There is almost volcanic feeling in the country today," orated Senate Minority Leader Everett McKinley Dirksen, speaking on the subject of federal courts and the state legislatures. "I see nothing but legislative and judicial chaos in this country unless something is done." With that, Dirksen offered an amendment to do something about the U.S. Supreme Court's June 15 reapportionment ruling.

In that historic decision, the court decreed that both houses of state legislatures must be apportioned according to population. In most cases it has been traditional for only one house to be...

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