Brazil: Toward Profound Change

The army is the people in uniform.

—General Benjamin Constant (1838-91), Co-Founder of the Republic of Brazil

In Latin America's biggest nation last week, the people in uniform performed a political revolution to match the military uprising that toppled Leftist President Joao ("Jango") Goulart. It was a revolt against Communism and confusion, against demagoguery, corruption, ruinous economic drift and national hopelessness. In a grim and solemn mood, the military announced that it was assuming unprecedented powers and taking over much of the responsibility of government for the remainder of Goulart's term.

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