World: Who's Afraid of Franz Kafka?

When Edward Albee's Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? opened in Prague recently, its title was changed to Who's Afraid of Franz Kafka? The switch was significant. Not only did it mark Czech officialdom's resurrection of Kafka from the Communist limbo of "degenerate individualism," but it also reflected the intellectual ferment behind the Iron Curtain that made Kafka's redemption possible.

Today in Eastern Europe, the most outspoken challenge to Communist orthodoxy comes from Communist intellectuals who are demanding greater cultural and political freedom. Party bosses, who have always found it easier to deal with...

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