Republicans: Toward the Day of Reckoning

The cream-colored draperies parted, the glass door slid open, and there, on crutches, stood Barry Goldwater. Hobbling out to the flagstone patio of his home near Phoenix in the shadow of Camelback Mountain, Goldwater faced scores of Arizona G.O.P. leaders, reporters and television crewmen. Said he: "I want to tell you that I will seek the Republican presidential nomination."

That night, in snow-covered Portsmouth, N.H., Nelson Rockefeller, a presidential candidate since November, stood before an audience of 1,200 cheering people in a high school auditorium and cried: "The campaign has begun!"

Election Year 1964 was indeed under way, and quite a year...

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