Integration: De Facto Superintendent

Almost half the public school children of Chicago — 225,000 of them —played hooky for a day last week, and 8,000 grownups circled city hall, waving signs and singing. It was the biggest demonstration ever held in the U.S. against de facto school segregation, which is measured in Chicago by new figures showing that enrollments in three-fourths of the schools in the city are 90% or more Negro or 90% or more white.

The target was School Superintendent Benjamin C. Willis, 61, who has long resisted Negro pressure, exerted through the board of education, to take drastic measures to mitigate...

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