The Supreme Court: Speaking of the Split

The U.S. Supreme Court has often seemed as notable for the frequency of its 5-4 split decisions as for the sub stance of the decisions themselves. And the past few months have certainly been no exception.

As the court now stands, the usual five-member majority (consisting of Chief Justice Earl Warren and Justices Hugo Black, William Douglas, William Brennan Jr. and Arthur Goldberg) is characterized as "liberal." The four-member minority (Justices Tom Clark, John Marshall Harlan, Potter Stewart and Byron White) is called "conserva tive." But once those labels are at tached, comes the rub — and a prodigious amount of...

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