Labor: Trouble with the Agency

In two separate and unanimous decisions last week the U.S. Supreme Court dashed organized labor's high hopes for its favorite device to circumvent the right-to-work laws that now forbid union shop contracts in 20 states: the agency shop.

Unlike union shops, in which all workers at a company are forced to join a union, the agency shop allows those who do not wish to join to pay a service fee equal to union dues. The fee ostensibly covers these workers' share of the collective bargaining cost. Four years ago, when an Indiana court ruled that the state's right-to-work law did...

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