Science: Nucleic Nobelmen

Before such adventurous chemists as Gerhard Schramm even tried to manufacture nucleic acid, they had to understand how its giant molecules are put together, how they function as the essence of life on earth. Last week one American and two British scientists won the 1962 Nobel Prize for Medicine for working out the complex structure of the most vital kind of nucleic acid, and for explaining how its structure enables it to control the heredity of all living creatures.

The new Nobel Laureates are Francis Harry Compton Crick, 46, of Britain's Cambridge University; Chicago-born...

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