Iron Curtains Bestow Advantages, But So Does Freedom
The Anglo-American relies upon personal interest to accomplish his ends, and gives free scope to the unguided strength and common sense of the people; the Russian centers all the authority of society in a single arm. The principal instrument of the former is freedom; of the latter, servitude.
De Tocqueville, Democracy in America, 1835
DURING the turbulent fortnight preceding President Eisenhower's declaration that "a world of open societies" is a major U.S. goal, many voices in the West bemoaned the strategic disadvantages of an open society...