Argentina: A President Again

Almost unnoticed amid the coups and chaos around the hemisphere, one country last week quietly went from military control back into the hands of a constitutional President. In Buenos Aires' Chamber of Deputies, courtly, white-haired Dr. Arturo Umberto Illia, 63, took the oath of office as Argentina's 29th President, ending 18 months of military-dominated government that began with the overthrow of President Arturo Frondizi.

While the generals and their puppet President were in the palace, South America's second biggest nation saw its wheat-and-beef economy riddled by inflation, unemployment and a towering national debt, its daily life punctuated by nasty little...

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