World: Still Caesarism

It took a dead man to put the 22nd Communist Party Congress into perspective.

To outsiders, Andrzej Stawar was virtually unknown, but dedicated Communists—and anti-Communists—knew him for decades as Poland's leading Marxist theoretician who turned against Stalin in the 1930s, spent years in hiding, and finally came into his own in 1956, when Poland's Gomulka—with Stawar's help—managed to gain a measure of independence from Moscow.

Last spring Stawar suddenly left Poland for Paris, ostensibly for medical treatment, but actually, as a friend later put it, "to publish the truth as he saw it." For five months, while dying of cancer, he wrote and...

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