The South: Trouble in Alabama

Aboard two buses, 13 men and women, some Negro and some white, set out from Washington, D.C., in early May. They called themselves "Freedom Riders." They meant to demonstrate that segregated travel on interstate buses, even though banned by an I.C.C. ruling, is still enforced throughout much of the South. They were, in fact, hunting for trouble—and last week in Alabama they found more of it than they wanted. For in Alabama, mobs were permitted to run free and wild by top state and local officials who, from Alabama's Governor John Patterson...

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