Pakistan: Ayub 's Acid Test

"The broad masses of the people—95% of Pakistan—positively do not want a return to parliamentary democracy. If we can run a country without a party system, we shall be a happier people." Leaning forward intently in a wicker chair on the terrace of the President's House in East Pakistan, Pakistan Strongman Mohammed Ayub Khan was discoursing on his favorite subject: the evils of politics.

A general who was trained at Britain's Sandhurst, Ayub has a soldier's dislike for politicians. In Ayub's Pakistan, politicking is literally a crime: criticism of his government is punishable by 14 years' hard labor. But under...

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