Red China: Back to the Farm

The outside world had guessed for some time that Red Chinese agriculture was in serious trouble. Last week Peking's planners admitted it themselves.

After a solemn five-day meeting of the Central Committee, they issued a communiqué that flatly reversed Chairman Mao Tse-tung's cherished plan to achieve a "big leap" in industry. Instead, the communiqué called for "appropriately reduced" industrial investments and urged "all sectors and occupations to step up support for agriculture" as "the foundation of the national economy."

Chairman's Plan. What went wrong was not the widely advertised series of...

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