Education: How Hard an Effort?

Despite the outcry after Sputnik, the actual outlay of the average U.S. school district is only 1.7% more per pupil than in 1958. School Management magazine, which recently invented a "Cost of Education Index," reported last week that the average district puts out 10.1% more in dollars than in 1958, but school costs have risen 8.4%. And some areas are spending less in real dollars for education than at the time Sputnik soared and critics roared.

Is massive federal aid the answer? Not everywhere, suggests the magazine, which devised a "local effort" formula to measure a school district's performance as compared with...

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