The Judiciary: To the Victors

As of last year, almost everyone, including President Eisenhower, the Justice Department, the chairmen of the House and Senate Judiciary Committees, and the federal bench, was agreed on the urgent need for more federal judgeships. The number of federal judges had been increased by 26% since 1941, but the case load had soared by 60% over the same period, and the swelling backlog of pending civil cases amounted to nearly a year's work for the federal courts. Thousands of U.S. citizens, argued Attorney General William P. Rogers, were being "denied justice because of delay."

But President Eisenhower's plea for creation of...

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