CENTRAL AFRICA: Collapsing Bastion

Nigeria, Ghana and Guinea were easy to set free: they were almost all black. The first big bastion of white strength to meet the full onslaught of Africa's wind of change was Britain's sprawling Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, a seven-year-old amalgam that the more populous blacks disliked from the start.

Despite wave after wave of African protest riots, the federation's 297,000 whites, outnumbered 26 to 1, held on grimly in the conviction that federal unity is the very foundation of white rule. Late last year, worried Mother Britain appointed the 26-member...

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