THE NATIONS: For History & Pride

In the leap of modern history, A.D. 1960 will break records in the building of new nations. Last week four proud nations of empire—Britain, France, Italy and Belgium—benevolently watched old colonies become independent new countries.

¶ Striding out of the Stone Age in a matter of decades, the Belgian Congo's 14 million citizens proclaimed the Republic of Congo, second-largest African state in size and potentially the richest.

¶ To the northwest, the Mali Federation —Senegal and the Sudanese Republic—declared itself free.

¶ On Africa's eastern shoulder, the Somali Republic was born.

¶ The island of Madagascar became the independent...

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